Northern Ireland Fire & Rescue Service - Protecting Our Community
Premises affected by the legislation
Main requirements under the legislation
5 steps to fire risk assessment
Public Register
Guidance documents
Contact details

Step 1 : Identify The Hazards

This means looking for sources of heat, fuel and oxygen which together might lead to a fire.

You need to identify:

  • Sources of ignition such as naked flames, heaters or some commercial processes;
  • Sources of fuel such as built up waste, display materials, textiles or overstocked products;
  • Sources of oxygen such as air conditioning, medicinal or commercial oxygen supplies.

Step 2 : Identify the people at risk

You will need to identify anyone who may be affected, such as:

  • People working near to fire dangers;
  • People working alone or in isolated areas;
  • Maintenance staff, contractors, passers by and people present outside normal working hours such as cleaners and security guards;
  • Visitors and members of the public;
  • Individuals and groups who may be especially at risk, e.g. young or inexperienced workers, people with mobility or sensory impairment, pregnant workers, etc

Step 3 : Evaluate, remove, reduce and protect from fire risk

This involves evaluating the level of risk in your premises. You should remove or reduce any fire hazards where possible and reduce any risks you have identified.

For example, you should:

  • Replace highly flammable materials with less flammable ones;
  • Make sure you separate flammable materials from sources of ignition;
  • Have a safe smoking policy;

When you have reduced the risk as far as possible, you must assess any risk that is left and decide whether there are any further measures you need to take to make sure you provide a reasonable level of fire safety.

Step 4 : Record, plan, instruct, inform and train

  • Record the significant findings and actions taken to remove/reduce the risk from fire;
  • Develop and implement an appropriate emergency plan;
  • Inform and instruct relevant persons on the actions to be taken in the event of fire;
  • Deliver training to employees, particularly those with specific duties, e.g. fire marshals.

Step 5 : The fire risk assessment must be reviewed

  • At regular intervals;
  • Whenever it is no longer valid, e.g. after a significant incident or "near miss";
  • If there has been a significant change in the workplace, e.g. changes to plant, equipment, processes, substances used, personnel, etc.

Fire Risk Assessment Templates and Guidance

For further information and downloads refer to 'Fire Risk Assessment templates' in the Guidance Documents section here »A Fire Safety Log Book template is also available to download.